How Will Bariatric Surgery Help Me Lose Weight?
Obesity is not just about your appearance. Perhaps most importantly, obesity can cause serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. It is also an obstacle to enjoying a happy and free life with your family. Although many people do not recognize it, obesity is a complex, chronic disease that needs weight management, medical, or surgical treatment. Bariatric surgery is considered as one of the most effective ways of treating obesity.
You might eat less if you feel full after a little food. This is how bariatric surgery works and why it helps people lose weight. Bariatric surgery helps in weight loss in overweight people who have not achieved long-term success with other weight-loss efforts. Bariatric surgery reduces the storage capacity of your stomach, which limits food intake and makes you feel full earlier than usual.
This article provided by Dr Venu Gopal Pareek gives the information about how bariatric surgery helps in weight loss.
Bariatric surgery, and how does it work?
Bariatric surgery refers to a surgical weight loss procedure used to treat obesity. Obesity is a buildup of excess body fat that can affect your health. It is a chronic and progressive disease that can cause health problems that can shorten life expectancy.
Bariatric surgery alters the digestive system by limiting how much you eat in one session or how nutrients are absorbed by the body or by both. In other words, the surgery changes the anatomy of your digestive tract (stomach, intestine, etc.) and this change changes your fat metabolism (the way your body breaks down fat and stores it for energy) and energy balance (consumed calories versus calories burned).
It is a basic process that is usually permanent and requires long-term adjustments to your diet and lifestyle. Like other major surgeries, this surgery also has inherent risks and is often only recommended if overweight patients do not lose weight through conservative measures such as diet and exercise.
Dr Venu Gopal Pareek offers below types of bariatric surgery gastric banding, gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and this are proven to be very successful. These techniques are minimally invasive, the laparoscopic procedure. That is, they use a long, thin tube to pass through a small incision in your stomach instead of making a large incision. Minimally invasive bariatric surgery is considered low risk and patients can usually leave the hospital within 48 hours.
How Each Bariatric Surgery Help in Weight loss:
Various types of operations can be done to achieve sustained weight loss. These operations can be performed with conventional open surgery (past) or with minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (now the preferred approach). Different types of bariatric surgery work in various ways to achieve weight loss. They are usually described as restrictive or malabsorptive.
Restrictive Procedures: Laparoscopic Gastric Banding or Lap-Band surgery:
This procedure causes a feeling of fullness and early satiety after a small meal. It is because of a gastric restriction. A flexible silicone band is placed around the upper stomach and sewn tight, creating a small stomach pouch that limits the amount of food the stomach can hold. It creates a feeling of satisfaction and fullness even after a small meal.
As the band slows the emptying food from the pouch, the patient feels full for several hours after eating. This band is attached to a reservoir port that is implanted under the skin above the breastbone. If necessary, a doctor can inject saline into this port to adjust the band size after the operation. This procedure can be done in a clinic and allows to calibrate the amount of weight loss needed; that is how it helps in weight loss.
Malabsorptive procedures: (such as the Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass)
This procedure helps in weight loss by creating altered absorption conditions in the digestive tract by diverting food away and prevent nutrients from the small intestine from entering the body. During the gastric bypass procedure:
- The surgeon makes a small pouch about one ounce that separates the upper abdomen from the lower one. It will be your new stomach.
- They separate the portion of the small intestine and bring the lower end up to meet the pouch.
- They connect the upper part of the small intestine to the small intestine further down, so you can still get the benefits of the stomach such as stomach acid and digestive enzymes.
As soon as the procedure is complete, food bypasses the stomach as the name suggests, so you feel full faster.
- It is a newer process and is becoming increasingly popular because it has an excellent safety and effectiveness profile. In Sleeve gastrectomy surgery, the doctor removes 80% of your stomach. The rest is a pouch that resembles a banana. If your stomach is smaller, it stores less food so you can’t eat little.
- Fast delivery of food to the small intestine also increases the effect of intestinal hormones on decreasing blood sugar, thereby reversing diabetes in patients with metabolic syndrome.
- The sleeve procedure also removes the part of the stomach that produces ghrelin, the hormone responsible for stimulating hunger. The patient is no longer hungry, even though very little food is consumed. The natural continuity of the digestive tract is maintained, and the risk of nutritional and vitamin deficiencies.
Which surgery is right for you is the best decision made between you and your doctor. Your surgeon can highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure based on your needs. All of these procedures are permanent and cannot be reversed, except for laparoscopic gastric banding.
How To make bariatric surgery successful?
The success of bariatric surgery is better than before, mainly because of better preparation and aftercare. Doctors prepare you mentally and physically for your procedure. For successful results:
- The success of bariatric surgery depends very much on how you prepare and what you do after the process. Familiarizing yourself with a healthy lifestyle before surgery can help you maintain results. Your doctor can recommend starting a high protein diet to prepare your body for surgery.
- It would help if you met regularly with your nursing team, including surgeons, nutritionists, and endocrinologists.
- During this diet, you can start a healthy lifestyle like exercise, and avoid vitamin deficiencies take vitamin supplements provided by a doctor.
- After surgery, you need to continue a healthy habit.
The amount of weight loss depends on the surgery, your commitment to lifestyle changes, and other factors. Research has shown that more than 90 per cent of bariatric patients are able to maintain a long-term weight loss of 50 per cent or more than their excess weight. In many cases, patients can increase their chances of success by following the advice of their surgeons on how to make reasonable lifestyle changes.
It is essential to understand that surgery is only a tool that you can use to achieve permanent weight loss and a solution for comorbidity. This operation only plays a small role in the treatment of obesity. After this surgery, you need to commit to changing your diet and exercise. Do you have questions about bariatric surgery? Call at +91 91-777-77715 to make an appointment with Dr Venu Gopal Pareek.